Germany, relations with

   Contacts with the German coun tries, for example, between the House of Orange-Nassau and the Brandenburg-Prussian dynasty of the Hohenzollerns, have tradition ally been very close. Officially, the Dutch Republic was part of the German Holy Roman Empire until 1648. After the unification of Ger many in 1871, many Dutch feared German dominance, yet in World War I, the Germans did not violate Dutch neutrality. After the war, the dethroned Emperor Wilhelm II obtained asylum in the Nether lands. The Nazi occupation of the Netherlands during World WarII led to both popular resignation and anti-German feelings, aside from a small group of Dutch who favored the Nazi ideology. After 1945, the Dutch government restored its political and economic relation ships with the new democratic western part of Germany, which would soon be integrated in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the European Union (EU). Since then, all kinds of con tacts (including tourist and cultural) have intensified tremendously. Germany is the biggest trading partner of the Netherlands.
   See also Eastern Frisia; Foreign relations.

Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands. . 2012.

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